Tucked away in the northern wilderness of Uganda, Kidepo Valley National park is one of the most exclusive and impressive parks of Uganda. Located in the remote north-eastern corner, some 700km from Kampala and between the borders with Sudan and Kenya, Kidepo Valley is Uganda's most isolated park. It harbours scenery unsurpassed in any other park in East Africa as well as great numbers of wild animals, birds and plant species. The vegetation can best be described as open tree Savannah which varies much in structure and composition. Mountain forest dominates some of the high places, while areas along the Lorupei River support dense Acacia geradi forests.
The park contains one of the most exciting faunas of any Uganda's national park with 77 species of mammal, several of which are (in Uganda) restricted to the Kidepo and Karamoja region. Localised carnivores include the bat-eared fox, striped hyena, aardwolf, caracal and cheetah. Other carnivores present are lion, leopard, spotted hyena, black-backed and side-striped jackal. There are high chances of viewing tree climbing lions that always sits on sausage trees along Narus valley or on the rock just as you enter the Apoka Park Headquarter. Less common ungulates include the greater and lesser kudu, Chandlers Mountain reedbuck, klipspringer and Guenther's dikdik. Other large ungulates include elephant, Burchell's zebra, bush pig, warthog, rothschild's giraffe, cape buffalo, eland, bushbuck, bush duiker, defassa waterbuck, bohor reedbuck, jackson's hartebeest and oribi. Five species of primates are found in the park including the endemic Kavirondo bush baby.
The park boasts an extensive bird list of 463 species confirmed and 26 unconfirmed- second only in Uganda to Queen Elizabeth National Park. Kidepo is also notable for its birds of prey. Of the 56 species recorded, 14, including Verreaux's eagle, Egyptian vulture and pygmy falcon, are believed to be endemic to the Kidepo and Karamoja region. There has however been no comprehensive survey of birds in Kidepo and visitors stand a good chance of adding to the current list.
During your stay in Kidepo valley national park, tours to the local communities in the neighbouring villages can also be arranged. The local community near the park stages cultural dances and performances. Traditional dances are worthy to see and to participate in. Nature Walk and cultural visits to the Karamajong manyattas (homesteads) where you will probably see kraals belonging to local communities, traditional costume, stools, spears headdress, knives, bows and arrows and jewelry among others are also interesting and worthy to take during a safari holiday in this park.